[聚合问答] ASP.NET MVC Conditional validation

c#,asp.net-mvc,forms,validation 2017-11-30 11 阅读

How to use data annotations to do a conditional validation on model?

For example, lets say we have the following model (Person and Senior):

public class Person
{
    [Required(ErrorMessage = "*")]
    public string Name
    {
        get;
        set;
    }

    public bool IsSenior
    {
        get;
        set;
    }

    public Senior Senior
    {
        get;
        set;
    }
}

public class Senior
{
    [Required(ErrorMessage = "*")]//this should be conditional validation, based on the "IsSenior" value
    public string Description
    {
        get;
        set;
    }
}

And the following view:

<%= Html.EditorFor(m => m.Name)%>
<%= Html.ValidationMessageFor(m => m.Name)%>

<%= Html.CheckBoxFor(m => m.IsSenior)%>
<%= Html.ValidationMessageFor(m => m.IsSenior)%>

<%= Html.CheckBoxFor(m => m.Senior.Description)%>
<%= Html.ValidationMessageFor(m => m.Senior.Description)%>

I would like to be the "Senior.Description" property conditional required field based on the selection of the "IsSenior" propery (true -> required). How to implement conditional validation in ASP.NET MVC 2 with data annotations?

10个回答

128

there's a much better way to add conditional validation rules in MVC3. Have your model inherit IValidatableObject and implement the Validate method:

public class Person : IValidatableObject
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public bool IsSenior { get; set; }
    public Senior Senior { get; set; }

    public IEnumerable<ValidationResult> Validate(ValidationContext validationContext) 
    { 
        if (IsSenior && string.IsNullOrEmpty(Senior.Description)) 
            yield return new ValidationResult("Description must be supplied.");
    }
}

see more of a description at http://weblogs.asp.net/scottgu/archive/2010/07/27/introducing-asp-net-mvc-3-preview-1.aspx

2017-11-30
56

I have solved this by handling the "ModelState" dictionary, which is contained by the controller. The ModelState dictionary includes all the members that have to be validated.

Here is the solution:

If you need to implement a conditional validation based on some field (e.g. if A=true, then B is required), while maintaining property level error messaging (this is not true for the custom validators that are on object level) you can achieve this by handling "ModelState", by simply removing unwanted validations from it.

...In some class...

public bool PropertyThatRequiredAnotherFieldToBeFilled
{
  get;
  set;
}

[Required(ErrorMessage = "*")] 
public string DepentedProperty
{
  get;
  set;
}

...class continues...

...In some controller action ...

if (!PropertyThatRequiredAnotherFieldToBeFilled)
{
   this.ModelState.Remove("DepentedProperty");
}

...

With this we achieve conditional validation, while leaving everything else the same.


UPDATE:

This is my final implementation: I have used an interface on the model and the action attribute that validates the model which implements the said interface. Interface prescribes the Validate(ModelStateDictionary modelState) method. The attribute on action just calls the Validate(modelState) on IValidatorSomething.

I did not want to complicate this answer, so I did not mention the final implementation details (which, at the end, matter in production code).

2017-11-30
29

I had the same problem yesterday but I did it in a very clean way which works for both client side and server side validation.

Condition: Based on the value of other property in the model, you want to make another property required. Here is the code

public class RequiredIfAttribute : RequiredAttribute
{
    private String PropertyName { get; set; }
    private Object DesiredValue { get; set; }

    public RequiredIfAttribute(String propertyName, Object desiredvalue)
    {
        PropertyName = propertyName;
        DesiredValue = desiredvalue;
    }

    protected override ValidationResult IsValid(object value, ValidationContext context)
    {
        Object instance = context.ObjectInstance;
        Type type = instance.GetType();
        Object proprtyvalue = type.GetProperty(PropertyName).GetValue(instance, null);
        if (proprtyvalue.ToString() == DesiredValue.ToString())
        {
            ValidationResult result = base.IsValid(value, context);
            return result;
        }
        return ValidationResult.Success;
    }
}

Here PropertyName is the property on which you want to make your condition DesiredValue is the particular value of the PropertyName (property) for which your other property has to be validated for required

Say you have the following

public class User
{
    public UserType UserType { get; set; }

    [RequiredIf("UserType", UserType.Admin, ErrorMessageResourceName = "PasswordRequired", ErrorMessageResourceType = typeof(ResourceString))]
    public string Password
    {
        get;
        set;
    }
}

At last but not the least , register adapter for your attribute so that it can do client side validation (I put it in global.asax, Application_Start)

 DataAnnotationsModelValidatorProvider.RegisterAdapter(typeof(RequiredIfAttribute),typeof(RequiredAttributeAdapter));

2017-11-30
23

I've been using this amazing nuget that does dynamic annotations ExpressiveAnnotations

You could validate any logic you can dream of:

public string Email { get; set; }
public string Phone { get; set; }
[RequiredIf("Email != null")]
[RequiredIf("Phone != null")]
[AssertThat("AgreeToContact == true")]
public bool? AgreeToContact { get; set; }

2017-11-30
15

You can disable validators conditionally by removing errors from ModelState:

ModelState["DependentProperty"].Errors.Clear();

2017-11-30
9

Thanks Merritt :)

I've just updated this to MVC 3 in case anyone finds it useful; http://blogs.msdn.com/b/simonince/archive/2011/02/04/conditional-validation-in-asp-net-mvc-3.aspx

Simon

2017-11-30
6

There is now a framework that does this conditional validation (among other handy data annotation validations) out of the box: http://foolproof.codeplex.com/

Specifically, take a look at the [RequiredIfTrue("IsSenior")] validator. You put that directly on the property you want to validate, so you get the desired behavior of the validation error being associated to the "Senior" property.

It is available as a NuGet package.

2017-11-30
3

You need to validate at Person level, not on Senior level, or Senior must have a reference to its parent Person. It seems to me that you need a self validation mechanism that defines the validation on the Person and not on one of its properties. I'm not sure, but I don't think DataAnnotations supports this out of the box. What you can do create your own Attribute that derives from ValidationAttribute that can be decorated on class level and next create a custom validator that also allows those class-level validators to run.

I know Validation Application Block supports self-validation out-of the box, but VAB has a pretty steep learning curve. Nevertheless, here's an example using VAB:

[HasSelfValidation]
public class Person
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public bool IsSenior { get; set; }
    public Senior Senior { get; set; }

    [SelfValidation]
    public void ValidateRange(ValidationResults results)
    {
        if (this.IsSenior && this.Senior != null && 
            string.IsNullOrEmpty(this.Senior.Description))
        {
            results.AddResult(new ValidationResult(
                "A senior description is required", 
                this, "", "", null));
        }
    }
}

2017-11-30
3

Check out this guy:

http://blogs.msdn.com/b/simonince/archive/2010/06/04/conditional-validation-in-mvc.aspx

I am working through his example project right now.

2017-11-30
3

I had the same problem, needed a modification of [Required] attribute - make field required in dependence of http request.The solution was similar to Dan Hunex answer, but his solution didn't work correctly (see comments). I don't use unobtrusive validation, just MicrosoftMvcValidation.js out of the box. Here it is. Implement your custom attribute:

public class RequiredIfAttribute : RequiredAttribute
{

    public RequiredIfAttribute(/*You can put here pararmeters if You need, as seen in other answers of this topic*/)
    {

    }

    protected override ValidationResult IsValid(object value, ValidationContext context)
    {

    //You can put your logic here   

        return ValidationResult.Success;//I don't need its server-side so it always valid on server but you can do what you need
    }


}

Then you need to implement your custom provider to use it as an adapter in your global.asax

public class RequreIfValidator : DataAnnotationsModelValidator <RequiredIfAttribute>
{

    ControllerContext ccontext;
    public RequreIfValidator(ModelMetadata metadata, ControllerContext context, RequiredIfAttribute attribute)
       : base(metadata, context, attribute)
    {
        ccontext = context;// I need only http request
    }

//override it for custom client-side validation 
     public override IEnumerable<ModelClientValidationRule> GetClientValidationRules()
     {       
               //here you can customize it as you want
         ModelClientValidationRule rule = new ModelClientValidationRule()
         {
             ErrorMessage = ErrorMessage,
    //and here is what i need on client side - if you want to make field required on client side just make ValidationType "required"    
             ValidationType =(ccontext.HttpContext.Request["extOperation"] == "2") ? "required" : "none";
         };
         return new ModelClientValidationRule[] { rule };
      }
}

And modify your global.asax with a line

DataAnnotationsModelValidatorProvider.RegisterAdapter(typeof(RequiredIfAttribute), typeof(RequreIfValidator));

and here it is

[RequiredIf]
public string NomenclatureId { get; set; }

The main advantage for me is that I don't have to code custom client validator as in case of unobtrusive validation. it works just as [Required], but only in cases that you want.

2017-11-30

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